Harvard style of referencing

The Harvard referencing style requires in text citation like this (Northedge, 2005). Page numbers can be added if appropriate and if required (Northedge,2005,p.44). Check any guidance from your department on this. The reference list of items cited should be in alphabetical order by author in one sequence.

The examples below show the Harvard style for different types of material.


Northedge, A. (2005) The good study guide. 2nd ed. Milton Keynes: Open


Book with more than one author

Cohen, L., L. Manion  and K. Morrison. (2007) Research methods in education.
       6th ed. London: Routledge.


Chapter in a book


Dovey, J. (2002) ‘Reality TV’ in G. Creeber, T. Miller & J. Tulloch. (eds.)
       The Television Genre Book.  London: British Film Institute. pp.134-137


Journal article

Black, S. (2003) Harry potter: A magical prescription for just about anyone.
       Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 46, 4.


Newspaper article

Shepherd, J. (2007) ‘Smoothie transition: is it really goodbye to the student union
       bar and hello to mango energisers and campus gyms?’ The Guardian,
       21st August, p. 6.



Blair Witch Project. (1999) Directed by D. Myrick and E. Sanchez.  [Film].
       Artisan Entertainment


TV programme

Child of our time State of play. (2005) V. Bell. BBC 1. 1st March. 60 mins.


Web page

Taylor, M.M. (2008) Cite references. [Internet] The Open University. Available
       from http://library.open.ac.uk/help/howto/citeref/index.cfm
       (accessed 3rd May 2008).


Unpublished thesis

Thiel, E. (2006) The fantasy of family : nineteenth-century children's literature
       and the myth of the domestic ideal.
Unpublished PhD thesis. Roehampton


Government publication

Great Britain. Department for Education and Employment. (1999) The National
       Curriculum handbook for primary teachers in England key stages 1
       and  2.
London: The Stationery Office


Conference paper

Grenfell, M. and V. Harris. (2006) “Strategy use of bilingual learners: a research
       agenda”. British Educational Research Association Annual Conference.
       University of Warwick 6-9 September.  Available at
       (Accessed 13th June 2008).


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